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'''Martin Buber''' (, , ; February 8, 1878 – June 13, 1965) was an Austrian-born Israeli Jewish people|Jewish philosopher best known for his philosophy of dialogue, a form of existentialism centered on the distinction between the I and Thou|I–Thou relationship and the I–It relationship.. Born in Vienna, Buber came from a family of observant Jews, but broke with Jewish custom to pursue secular studies in philosophy. In 1902, he became the editor of the weekly ''Die Welt (Herzl)|Die Welt'', the central organ of the Zionist movement, although he later withdrew from organizational work in Zionism. In 1923, Buber wrote his famous essay on existence, ''I and Thou|Ich und Du'' (later translated into English as ''I and Thou''), and in 1925, he began translating the Hebrew Bible into the German language. He was nominated for the Nobel prize in literature ten times, and Nobel...
ReligionJudaism
InfluencesImmanuel Kant, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Ludwig Feuerbach, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, Sigmund Freud, Wilhelm Dilthey, Rudolf Bultmann,
InfluencedAbraham Joshua Heschel, Walter Kaufmann (philosopher)|Walter Kaufmann, Franz Rosenzweig, Hans Urs von Balthasar, Fritz Perls, Laura Perls, John Berger
Notable ideas''Ich-Du'' (I-Thou) and ''Ich-Es'' (I-It)
Urlhttp://www.roberthsarkissian.com/iof/BUBER.HTM | title = Island of freedom | contribution = Buber}}. Born in Vienna, Buber came from a family of observant Jews, but broke with Jewish custom to pursue secular studies in philosophy. In 1902, he became the editor of the weekly ''Die Welt (Herzl)|Die Welt'', the central organ of the Zionist movement, although he later withdrew from organizational work in Zionism. In 1923, Buber wrote his famous essay on existence, ''I and Thou|Ich und Du'' (later translated into English as ''I and Thou''), and in 1925, he began translating the Hebrew Bible into the German language.
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